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Postdocs for “Statistical Methods for Managing Emerging Infectious Diseases”

in Opportunities

s daily mortality counts covering a time period of nearly 30 years.  Air pollution data is modelled hourly over the same time period.  The core of the method is the case-crossover model, a type of partial likelihood where air quality on each death day is compared to air quality on a number of previous control days.  This postdoctoral fellowship will extend the methodology by allowing for multiple pollutants, at different time lags, with non-linea…

Death 101: Shaping the Future of Global Health

udent experience tailored to the online environment. This course is the fourth University of Toronto course to debut on www.edx.org and the first in global health. EdX is a non-profit organization dedicated to expanding free, quality online education around the world….

All Publications

in Publications

pooled analysis of 9 observational studiesPatra J, Dikshit R, Bhatia M, Ramasundarahettige C, Jha P. HPV‐avertable cancer risks in India: A pooled analysis of 9 observational studies. International journal of cancer. 2015 Jan 15;136(2):491-2. Deaths and taxes: stronger global tobacco control by 2025Jha P. Deaths and taxes: stronger global tobacco control by 2025. Lancet. 2015 Mar 14;385(9972):918-20. The consequences of tobacco tax on household h…

Effects of body mass index, tobacco smoking, alcohol drinking and solid fuel use on the risk of asthma

Individual Participant Data (IPD) meta-analysis of 175 000 individuals from 51 nationally representative surveys   A new CGHR publication in BMJ examines the link between the combined effect of BMI, tobacco, alcohol and solid fuel use on developing asthma. “The rising health and economic burden of non-communicable respiratory diseases such as asthma over the recent decades presents a significant challenge to public health. As per the…

Global Effects of Smoking, of Quitting, and of Taxing Tobacco

An examination of 21st century projections for tobacco mortality, the health gains from quitting early, and the benefits of taxing tobacco….

PROJECT COORDINATOR

in Opportunities at CGHR

Countrywide Mortality Surveillance for Action Sierra Leone BO district, Sierra Leone   The Centre for Global Health Research (CGHR www.cghr.org) is a well-­‐regarded research organization associated with the University of Toronto and St. Michael’s Hospital. CGHR’s mission is to lead high-­‐ quality public health research that advances global health for all, with particular attention to the world’s poorest populations. Its flagship project,…

CGHR Bangalore

in Researchers

ent of Public Health programs. Her health expertise is wide-ranging and varied to include Reproductive, Maternal, Neonatal Child and Adolescent Health (RMNCH+A), Prevention of Parent to Child Transmission of HIV (PPTCT), STI, Quality assurance of public health facilities and Tuberculosis control. Her experiences include working for UNICEF-India for PPTCT program, RMNCH+A and Quality Assurance program; World Health Organization for a TB-HIV progra…

CGHR Toronto

in Researchers

roeconomics and Health. Prabhat has published widely on tobacco, HIV/AIDS, premature mortality, and the health of the global poor. Two of his ground-breaking publications on tobacco control policy led to the first-ever global treaty on tobacco control, now signed by over 160 countries. Among other projects at CGHR, Prabhat is currently leading one of the world’s largest prospective studies of premature mortality called the Million Death Stu…

Global health researchers receive QES grant

untries. “This program will help build research capacity among scholars to use mortality evidence to improve maternal and child health outcomes and become engaged leaders in their countries,” said Di Ruggiero, Director of the Office of Global Public Health Education and Training at the Dalla Lana School of Public Health. Through the Statistical Alliance for Vital Events (SAVE) program, 20 scholars — 50 per cent of whom are women — from Ethiopia,…

Quality Health Care with Public Funds – The Hindu

Prabhat Jha’s article in The Hindu, Quality Health Care with Public Funds, offers 6 recommendations for India’s new 2014 government to take to improve the health of all Indians. Topics include providing universal health care to India’s poor, preventing vascular deaths, and controlling malaria. “Mr. Modi promised to bring about change. There are six practical steps that he could implement as Prime Minister to rapidly ensur…

Postdoctoral Researcher in Geostatistics and Global Mortality

in Opportunities at CGHR

Full time, Toronto, Canada The Centre for Global Health Research (CGHR – www.cghr.org) is a non-profit and non-partisan organization associated with the University of Toronto and St. Michael’s Hospital. CGHR’s mission is to lead high-quality public health research that advances global health for all, with particular attention to the world’s poorest populations. Its flagship project, the Million Death Study (MDS), is run in collaboration wi…

Infectious Diseases

in Projects

Infectious diseases continue to be a prominent killer in developing countries, despite the ability to prevent and treat many of the most common problems, such as diarrheal diseases and tuberculosis. Other major infectious diseases, such as HIV/AIDS, are also a serious concern in low- and middle-income countries where poor health education and use of sex workers can help spread these diseases. CGHR is dedicated to conducting high quality research…

PROJECT COORDINATOR

in Opportunities at CGHR

The Centre for Global Health Research (CGHR www.cghr.org) is a well-regarded research organization associated with the University of Toronto and St Michael’s Hospital. CGHR’s mission is to lead high- quality public health research that advances global health for all, with particular attention to the world’s poorest populations. Its flagship project, the Million Death Study (MDS), is run in collaboration with the Government of India and document…

Research Manager / Post Doctoral Fellow: Global Mortality Studies (Toronto)

in Opportunities at CGHR

e MDS lessons are now expanding to priority countries in sub-Saharan Africa under a new partnership called the Statistical Alliance for Vital Events (SAVE). St. Michael Hospital (SMH – http://www.stmichaelshospital.com) offers an excellent benefits package, and collegial, supportive work environment. CGHR is one of the outstanding global health units in the world, and offers a dynamic, challenging and rewarding experience in which the candi…

Senior Medical Researcher for The Million Death Study

in Opportunities at CGHR

Location: Bangalore, Karnataka JOB DESCRIPTION JOB TITLE: Senior Medical Researcher for The Million Death Study The Centre for Global Health Research (CGHR) (www.cghr.org) was established in 2002 to conduct large-scale epidemiological studies in developing countries. CGHR is a non-profit, non-partisan academic research institution dedicated to better health. The mission of CGHR is to conduct high quality research that advances global health, w…

Training Coordinator

in Opportunities at CGHR

mandate and programming needs Gather all existing CGHR training materials; standardize and improve the same Use creative, innovative and cutting edge Instructional Design techniques and multi-media tools to develop new, high quality, training modules and instructional manuals Make training modules available through an interactive and integrated online training platform that allows for trainee progress tracking, assessments, e-group discussion, e…

Senior Programmer/Technical Project Manager (Toronto)

in Opportunities at CGHR

of experience and proven expertise are invited to apply. JOB RESPONSIBILITIES The successful candidate will be responsible for coordinating and engaging in all aspects of software development including programming, testing, quality assurance (QA), deployment, and documentation. In addition, the successful candidate will be responsible for coordinating with other stakeholders including researchers, biostatisticians, GIS analysts, and other admin…

PROGRAM MANAGER

in Opportunities at CGHR

The Centre for Global Health Research (CGHR www.cghr.org) is a well-regarded research organization associated with the University of Toronto and St Michael’s Hospital. CGHR’s mission is to lead high- quality public health research that advances global health for all, with particular attention to the world’s poorest populations. Its flagship project, the Million Death Study (MDS), is run in collaboration with the Government of India and document…

Raising taxes key to accelerate tobacco control in South Asia

8221; Read this article at BMJ PDF of this article   BMJ’s full Health in South Asia collection    ADDITIONAL FACTS ON TOBACCO USE IN SOUTH ASIA Nearly 30 per cent of males and about 4 per cent of females age 15 or older in South Asian countries smoke, with notable variation between countries. By 2010, South Asia had roughly 171 million smokers age 15 or older; 100 million are over 35 years. A large proportion of these smokers ar…

Paul Arora – Publications

in CGHR Toronto

ral therapy provision in a rural district of Malawi using an integrated primary care model. Chan AK, Mateyu G, Jahn A, Schouten E, Arora P, Mlotha W, Kambanji M, Van Lettow M. Tropical Medicine and International Health. 2010; 15: 90-97. Primary prevention of cardiovascular mortality and events with statis treatments: a network meta-analysis involving more than 65,000 patients. Mills EJ, Rachlis B, Wu P, Devereux PJ, Arora P, Perri D. Ann Intern M…

Project/Database Coordinator (Bangalore)

in Opportunities at CGHR

bases to correct errors while defining and reviewing programming edit checks Routine back up of database, maintain data standards, and analyzing and tuning the database Develop and establish data, consistency checks and other quality control measures necessary for the final analysis Write database documentation, including data standards, procedures and definitions for data dictionary Track study progress and issue periodic reports Communicate reg…

MPH Summer Practicum Student

in Opportunities at CGHR

Position Type: Summer Full-time (May-August, depending on program requirements) Date Ad Posted: 02/05/2018 Job Region: Downtown Toronto Application Deadline: 02/20/2018 The Centre for Global Health Research (CGHR – http://www.cghr.org/) is a non-profit and non-partisan organization associated with the University of Toronto and St Michael’s Hospital. CGHR’s mission is to lead high-quality public health research that advances global health f…

We’re hiring a Research Assistant/Coordinator!

ull-time contract position for 1 year, renewable on satisfactory performance. JOB RESPONSIBILITIES: The successful candidate will work closely with researchers and project coordinators at CGHR to conduct data cleaning, entry, quality assurance, documentation and basic analysis for research in Global Health focused on large scale mortality studies in India and Africa. Their responsibilities will also include graphics support for publications, proo…

RESEARCH ASSISTANT/COORDINATOR

in Opportunities at CGHR

ull-time contract position for 1 year, renewable on satisfactory performance. JOB RESPONSIBILITIES: The successful candidate will work closely with researchers and project coordinators at CGHR to conduct data cleaning, entry, quality assurance, documentation and basic analysis for research in Global Health focused on large scale mortality studies in India and Africa. Their responsibilities will also include graphics support for publications, proo…

Data Manager

in Opportunities at CGHR

…a common format in a single database. Integrate new data sets into the organization’s data holdings. Identify and resolve database and analysis issues/problems. Create and maintain documentation for all variables, data sets, quality assurance monitoring, and analysis programs. Assist in writing scripts in R, Python, Stata, SAS, or other scripting languages for accessing and manipulating data. Create ‘clean’ data tables for statistical analysis….

Hot Temperature Has Highest Mortality Risk, But Moderately Cold Temperature Contributed To The Most Deaths In India

by Sze Hang Fu, Peter S. Rodriguez & Prabhat Jha “Extreme temperatures, including cold spells and heat waves, have detrimental effects on human health. Most climate change projections foresee extreme weather becoming more prevalent. Indeed, various parts of the world have already begun to experience the impact of extremely hot weather. Much less attention has been given to the health effects of cold temperature ranges. To tackle this k…

Mortality attributable to hot and cold ambient temperatures in India: a nationally representative case-crossover study

Most of the epidemiological studies that have examined the detrimental effects of ambient hot and cold temperatures on human health have been conducted in high-income countries. In India, the limited evidence on temperature and health risks has focused mostly on the effects of heat waves and has mostly been from small-scale studies. Here, we quantify heat and cold effects on mortality in India using a nationally representative study of the cause…

DESH-Surgery Study

The District Evaluation Study of Health – Priorities in Surgery Study (DESH-Surgery Study) is gathering the collective experience and knowledge of surgeons across India. The goal of this study is to identify priorities in the prevention and treatment of surgical conditions such as injuries, cancer, congenital anomalies, and obstetrical complications in India. We are seeking qualified Indian surgeons (MS, DNB(Surgery), MCh) for this study….

Missing Girls in India (English)

TRENDS IN MISSING FEMALES AT BIRTH IN INDIA FROM 1981 TO 2016: ANALYSES OF 2¡1 MILLION BIRTH HISTORIES IN NATIONALLY REPRESENTATIVE SURVEYS (Available online 8 April 2021)   Half of the world’s missing female births occur in India, due to sex-selective abortion. It is unknown whether selective abortion of female fetuses has changed in recent years across different birth orders. We sought to document the trends in missing female births, particula…

Disease Control Priorities, Third Edition : Volume 3. Cancer

Disease Control Priorities, Third Edition : Volume 3. Cancer   The third edition of Disease Control Priorities is available and free online. Cancer control in low and middle income countries is possible and will save lives. The DCP-3 Cancer Volume offers feasible, cost-effective cancer control strategies. “From its inception, the Disease Control Priorities series has focused attention on delivering efficacious health interventions tha…

Bangalore MDS Fellowship

in Opportunities

n St Johns Research Institute, Bangalore for at least one year from the start of the Fellowship.  CORE RESPONSIBILITIES: Develop research objectives and proposals Develop data collection tools, validate tools and implement  Quality Assurance on data collection & analyze the data Make the final reports and manuscripts  Write or contribute to publications  Make presentations at appropriate events CATEGORIES OF PROPOSAL: Cardiovascular morta…

Research and General Support

in Opportunities at CGHR

efforts. This is a full-time contract position, starting November 2017. JOB RESPONSIBILITIES: The successful candidate will work closely with researchers and project coordinators at CGHR to conduct data cleaning, data entry, quality assurance, documentation and basic analysis for research in Global Health. Their responsibilities will also include graphics support for publications, proof-reading of scientific material and administrative assistanc…

Bangalore Fellowship

in Opportunities

y. QUALIFICATIONS: MD Community Medicine or MPH or MD in a related clinical field or Equivalent  CORE RESPONSIBILITIES: Develop research objectives and proposals Develop data collection tools, validate tools and implement  Quality Assurance on data collection & analyze the data Make the final reports and manuscripts  Write or contribute to publications  Make presentations at appropriate events CATEGORIES OF PROPOSAL: Cardiovascular morta…

District Evaluation Study on Health (DESH)

in Projects

d receive the intervention package, or to the “control” group, which would not receive the intervention package. The target group includes members of parliament and the legislative assembly, district collectors, chief medical officers, and civil society representatives. The effects of this initiative will be measured using mailed surveys and data from the District Level Health Survey from 2008-2009 and 2012 to assess changes in health service uti…

Facility Delivery, Postnatal Care and Neonatal Deaths in India: Nationally-Representative Case-Control Studies

Objective Clinical studies demonstrate the efficacy of interventions to reduce neonatal deaths, but there are fewer studies of their real-life effectiveness. In India, women often seek facility delivery after complications arise, rather than to avoid complications. Our objective was to quantify the association of facility delivery and postnatal checkups with neonatal mortality while examining the “reverse causality” in which the mothers deliver…

Welcome to the CGHR Training Centre!

in Training

 Click on the title to access the course.   Death 101: Shaping the Future of Global Health Created in conjunction with the University of Toronto and hosted by edX.org, Death 101 looks at how mortality data shape global health. We will analyze the world’s biggest health problems by investigating causes of death. To help the living, study the dead.   Advanced Course on Death Certification (ACDC) Incorrect completion of death certificates…

Health, taxes, and poverty in 500 million male smokers

s. Examining 500 million male smokers in 13 countries, they found a 50 percent price increase in cigarettes would result in 67 million men quitting smoking, most of whom have lower incomes. The higher price would also lead to 15.5 million men avoiding catastrophic health spending in the seven countries studied without universal health coverage. This would result in 8.8 million men avoiding extreme poverty, half of whom are in the lower income gro…

Coronavirus

CGHR is tracking the cases and mortality of coronavirus (2019-nCoV, COVID-19) outbreak.  (Update: CGHR will continue working on COVID-19 via the ARMS project.) The original data come from  www.worldometers.info but we share a more useful tabular (Google Sheets) version here: coronavirus data Other informative sites https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019/situation-reports/ https://gisanddata.maps.arcgis.com/apps/opsdashb…

Wilson Suraweera – Publications

in CGHR Toronto

…arahettige C, Gajalakshmi V, Aleksandrowicz L, Badwe R, Kumar R, Roy S, Suraweera W, Bray F, Mallath M, Singh PK, Sinha DN, Shet AS, Gelband H, Jha P for the Million Death Study Collaborators.Lancet. 2012; March 28: Published Online doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(12)60358-4  Childhood and adult mortality from unintentional falls in India.Jagnoor J, Suraweera W, Keay L, Ivers RQ, Thakur JS, Gururajd G, Jha P for the Million Death Study Collaborators.Bull…

Administrative Assistant

in Opportunities at CGHR

Position Type: Full Time Date Ad Posted: 24 Oct 2017 Job Region: Toronto downtown area Application Deadline: 13 Nov 2017 Years Experience: 5 years as an Administrative Assistant Status: 1 Year Full Time Contract (renewable) Salary: To Be Negotiated The Centre for Global Health Research (CGHR) conducts high quality research that advances global health. Specific emphasis is on large scale epidemiologic studies in India and real life randomized stu…

Prabhat Jha – Books & Chapters

in CGHR Toronto

rd: OUP; 2000, pp. 311-341. Jha P, Chaloupka FJ, Musgrove P. The rationale for government intervention in the tobacco market. In Jha P and Chaloupka FJ, Editors. Tobacco Control in Developing Countries. Oxford: OUP; 2000, pp. 151-174. Jha P, Chaloupka FJ, Brown P. Overview of Tobacco Control in Developing Countries. In Jha P and Chaloupka FJ, eds. Oxford: OUP; 2000, pp. 1-8. Bobak M, Jha P, Nguyen S. Poverty and smoking. In Jha P and Chaloupka…

Global Tobacco

in Publications

2. A rational taxation system of bidis and cigarettes to reduce smoking deaths in India. Jha P, Guindon E, Joseph RA, Nandi A, John RM, Rao K, Chaloupka FJ, Kaur J, Gupta PC, Rao MG. Economic & Political Weekly. 2011; Oct 15. Canada’s perceived lack of leadership on global tobacco control. HĂŠbert PC, Reddy KS, Jha P. CMAJ. 2010; 182(10). Avoidable global cancer deaths and total deaths from smoking. Jha P. Nature Reviews Cancer. 2009; 9:…

CGHR New Delhi

in Researchers

hand and a Masters in Computer Science from Manav Bharti University in Solan, Himachal Pradesh. Aif is an IT professional with more than 6 years of experience in project management, GIS based survey-mapping/digitization, data quality analysis, and database technologies. He has worked on projects in diverse industries, including government projects.  …

COMPUTER SCIENCE & PUBLIC HEALTH SUMMER STUDENT

in Opportunities at CGHR

arch methods and its applications to public health. The successful candidate will work closely with a team of multidisciplinary scientists, researchers and analysts working on large-scale public health projects in our Toronto office. S/he will also work with project counterparts in international collaborative efforts. This is a full-time contract position, from May to August 2017. JOB RESPONSIBILITIES: The successful applicant will work closely w…

Million Death Study recruiting physician coders in India

e Ability to use computers Secure access to high speed internet for 8-15 hours work per week (working hours are flexible) For your contribution, you will be paid for each record coded. Those who complete 1000 records at high quality will receive a certificate from St. John’s/CGHR. Interested physicians may apply through this recruitment survey. Should you have further questions, email MDSlearn@smh.ca. For details about our research please…

BIOSTATISICIAN / DEMOGRAPHER (Full time, Toronto)

in Opportunities at CGHR

iostatistician / Demographer. The successful candidate will work on large-scale, globally-relevant, epidemiological projects in a team of multidisciplinary scientists, analysts and trainees in the Toronto, Bangalore and Delhi offices. The successful candidate will also work with project counterparts in international collaborative efforts. This is a renewable 12-month contract position. JOB RESPONSIBILITIES: The main responsibilities of this posit…

Trends in cause-specific mortality among children aged 5-14 years from 2005 to 2016 in India, China, Brazil, and Mexico: an analysis of nationally representative mortality studies.

With global survival increasing for children younger than 5 years of age, attention is required to reduce the approximately 1 million deaths of children aged 5–14 years occurring every year. Causes of death at these ages remain poorly documented. We aimed to explore trends in mortality by causes of death in India, China, Brazil, and Mexico, which are home to about 40% of the world’s children aged 5–14 years and experience more than 200 000 death…

Opportunities at CGHR

in Opportunities

Looking for something new? Staff positions and studentships are listed here as soon as they become available. MSc/PhD students are always encouraged to apply. POSTDOCTORAL FELLOWSHIPS, STATISTICAL METHODS FOR MANAGING EMERGING INFECTIOUS DISEASES Fellowships for biostatisticians and specialists in related disciplines are available for projects at multiple Canadian universities. Please refer to these job postings to apply. (Deadline: Open until f…

Karnataka’s Roadmap to Improved Health

among young men involved high risk behaviours, such as transport accidents, HIV/AIDS, and alcohol related diseases. • Pregnant women most often died for reasons that can be addressed by ensuring institutional delivery in good quality institutions, as well as emergency obstetric care: haemorrhage, sepsis, eclampsia and complications from abortion or miscarriage. • The five leading causes of death in Karnataka among both adult men and women (30-69…

Exposure to Second-Hand Smoke and the Risk of Tuberculosis in Children and Adults

h an increase in the relative risk of LTBI and active TB after controlling for age, BMF use, and contact with a TB patient, and there was no significant association of SHS exposure with LTBI after adjustment for SES and study quality. Given the high heterogeneity among the primary studies, our analysismay not show sufficient evidence to confirm an association. In addition, considering that the TB burden is highest in countries with increasing SHS…

Research and General Support, Full time position

in Opportunities at CGHR

llaborative efforts. This is a full-time contract position, starting May 2016. JOB RESPONSIBILITIES:The successful candidate will work closely with researchers and project coordinators at CGHR to conduct data cleaning, entry, quality assurance, documentation and basic analysis for research in Global Health. Their responsibilities will also include graphics support for publications, proof-reading of scientific material and administrative assistanc…

Biostatistician/Data Manager (Full Time, Toronto)

in Opportunities at CGHR

oject counterparts in international collaborative efforts. This is a 12-month contract position, which may be renewable. JOB RESPONSIBILITIES: The successful candidate will be responsible for the management, organization and quality improvement of large datasets, including data flow between project sites and project collaborators. He/she will provide statistical expertise in the design, analysis, and reporting of research projects and consultati…

Research Coordinator I

in Opportunities at CGHR

rainees. The successful candidate will also work with project counterparts in international collaborative efforts. Duties and Responsibilities: The successful candidate will be responsible for the management, organization and quality improvement of large datasets, including data flow between project sites and project collaborators. He/she will provide statistical expertise in the design, analysis, and reporting of research projects and consultati…

Prof Jha speaks about global tobacco consumption on Al Jazeera

Prof Prabhat Jha was featured Al Jazeera’s The Stream, during which he spoke about global trends in tobacco consumption and their effects on health. You can view materials from that episode here….

What is a Randomized Trial?

in District Evaluation Study on Health (DESH)

A randomized trial is a type of research study that is designed to test the efficacy of an intervention on a population. An Intervention can be a new drug or medical treatment – or in this case – information about local disease burden distributed to key policymakers in India.   Back to District Evaluation Study on Health  …

News in Hindi & Regional Languages

in News Items

Selective abortion may account for up to 12 million missing girls in India May 24, 2011 Hindi Press Release Hindi Video News Release   Controversial malaria mortality results from the Million Death Study October 21, 2010 Hindi Press Release Oriya Press Release Assamese Press Release Hindi Video News Release   Nearly one million annual deaths from smoking in India by 2010 February 13, 2008 Hindi Press Release Assamese Press Release Beng…

Controversial malaria mortality results from the Million Death Study

Press Release Hindi Assamese Oriya Video News Release Hindi Assamese Oriya    …

What is Killing Us? The BBC Covers the MDS in Detail

  What is Killing Us? The Truth about Life and Death, by BBC World Service Health Check   In the latest installment of Claudia Hammond’s six-part series examining the important issues at the beginning and the end of our lives, the BBC covers CGHR’s Million Death Study, the largest prospective study of premature mortality in the world. “The truth of mortality is that when it comes to global figures it’s not known what…

Disease Control Priorities for Cancer control intervention in LMICs – The Lancet

omprises recommendations for cost-effective and feasible cancer control interventions in low- and middle-income countries around the world. “Investments in cancer control—prevention, detection, diagnosis, surgery, other treatment, and palliative care—are increasingly needed in low-income and particularly in middle-income countries, where most of the world’s cancer deaths occur without treatment or palliation. To help countries expand locall…

What is Verbal Autopsy?

in Million Death Study (MDS)

Verbal autopsy is a research method that helps determine probable causes of death in cases where there was no medical record or formal medical attention given. In the case of the MDS, full-time, non-medical field workers were trained to record written narratives from families or other reliable informants in the local language describing the events that preceded the death. In addition, answers to standard questions about key symptoms were also r…

Dr Prabhat Jha wins the inaugural CIHR Trailblazer Award

“I am deeply honoured to receive the CIHR-IPPH Trailblazer Award. This prestigious award is recognition of collective efforts that have halved premature deaths from smoking in many populations, and a reminder that much more needs to be done in Canada and globally.” Dr. Prabhat Jha Read more at Canadian Institutes of Health Research Read more at University of Toronto Read more at St Michael’s Hospital    …

HIV

ch to assign the underlying cause of death. We have designed a verbal autopsy tool, the AIDS Treatment Module (ATM), to identify and remedy gaps in the HIV care continuum at local, regional, and national levels to improve the quality of care provided by HIV treatment programmes.” See the article at The Lancet HIV or for a direct download click here Verbal Autopsy Tool: AIDS Treatment Module (ATM)…

Medical Research Internship (May-August 2016, Toronto)

in Opportunities at CGHR

ordinators at CGHR and internationally to review and extract relevant information from clinical charts and verbal autopsy records of HIV and TB patients. They will also conduct an exhaustive Literature Review of HIV symptoms, treatment, treatment failures and co-morbidities. They will be required to apply the information gathered towards designing a tool to reduce the clinical and health system gaps leading to HIV deaths. Demonstrated ability to…

Nationwide Mortality Studies To Quantify Causes Of Death: Relevant Lessons From India’s Million Death Study

estimates of cause-specific mortality and risk factors in India. Similar robust studies are feasible at low cost in other low- and middle-income countries, particularly if they adopt electronic data management and ensure high quality of fieldwork and physician coding. Nationwide mortality studies enable the quantification of avoidable premature mortality and key risk factors for disease and provide a practicable method to monitor progress toward…

Identifying HIV care continuum gaps using verbal autopsy

ch to assign the underlying cause of death. We have designed a verbal autopsy tool, the AIDS Treatment Module (ATM), to identify and remedy gaps in the HIV care continuum at local, regional, and national levels to improve the quality of care provided by HIV treatment programmes.” See the article at The Lancet HIV or for a direct download click here Verbal Autopsy Tool: AIDS Treatment Module (ATM)…

Raju Manohar Jotkar – Publications

in CGHR Bangalore

, Jotkar R, Kaur N, Jha P. BMC International Health and Human Rights. 2009 Oct 14; 9(Suppl 1): S3. Developing clinical indicators for the secondary health system in Maharashtra, India. Jotkar R et al. International Journal of Quality in Health Care. 2008; 20(4): 297-303. External Evaluation of user fee scheme in Govt. Hospitals in Maharashtra, India. Jotkar R et al. Arth Vijnana. 2007; XLIS(3 and 4): 275-304. Malariometry in Ratnagiri District b…

About CGHR

in About

rate and disseminate evidence of the major causes of premature mortality among the global poor. Research areas include maternal and child health, tobacco control, health policy and economics, and gender inequalities. CGHR has offices in Toronto, Bangalore, and New Delhi. Funding is provided by grants from the Canadian Institutes of Health Research, the US National Institutes of Health, the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, St. Michael’s Hospital…

Selective abortion may account for up to 12 million missing girls in India

English Press Release English Video News Release Hindi Press Release Hindi Video News Release  …

Nearly one million annual deaths from smoking in India by 2010

Press Release Hindi Assamese Bengali Kannada Malayalam Marathi Tamil Tegulu Video News Release Hindi Assamese Bengali Kannada Tamil  …

Changes in cause-specific neonatal and 1-59-month child mortality in India from 2000 to 2015

READ THE FULL ARTICLE HERE (The Lancet Web Site) or (PDF)   Press Releases (PDF) English Hindi Bengali Telugu Marathi Tamil Gujarati Kannadi Malayalam Additional materials (PDF) The Lancet: Web Appendix The Lancet: Editorial Hindi Translation of Paper (Coming Soon) FAQ – Frequently Asked Questions Presentation Slides Prezi Presentation (Web) Video Press Release (YouTube)…

Geospatial methods for Closing the Global Mortality Data Divide

View Larger Map Victoria college building Date: 9am Thursday 14 to 3pm Friday 15 June, 2018 Venue: 212 Victoria College Building, University of Toronto 73 Queen Park’s Crescent, Toronto, ON Google Maps Link Accommodation can be booked at the Victoria College Summer Residences Organizing Committee Patrick Brown (University of Toronto and Centre for Global Health Research) Marilia Carvalho (Fundação Oswaldo Cruz) Samir Bhatt (Imperial C…

Geospatial methods for Closing the Global Mortality Data Divide

in Geospatial methods for Closing the Global Mortality Data Divide

View Larger Map Victoria college building Date: 9am Thursday 14 to 3pm Friday 15 June, 2018 Venue: 212 Victoria College Building, University of Toronto 73 Queen Park’s Crescent, Toronto, ON Google Maps Link Accommodation for speakers is at Margaret Addison Hall,…

Million Death Study

in Publications

JOURNAL PUBLICATIONS Nationwide Mortality Studies To Quantify Causes Of Death: Relevant Lessons From India’s Million Death StudyMireille Gomes, Rehana Begum, Prabha Sati, Rajesh Dikshit, Prakash C. Gupta, Rajesh Kumar, Jay Sheth, Asad Habib, Prabhat Jha Health Affairs doi: 10.1377/hlthaff.2017.0635 HEALTH AFFAIRS 36, NO. 11 (2017) Comparison of physician-certified verbal autopsy with computer-coded verbal autopsy for cause of death assignment i…

Growing economies urged to avoid private health-care models

Professors Prabhat Jha and Dean T. Jamison reflect on lessons from the US, and urge other nations, especially rapidly growing economies, to avoid private health-care models. Read the article here.  …

ARMS for Coronavirus

in Projects

Acute Respiratory Mortality Surveillance (ARMS) for Coronavirus Infection (COVID-19) (Image from Nature.com. Credit: NIAID-RML/de Wit/Fischer) Background: The World Health Organization has expressed concern about how countries with inadequate death reporting would be able to detect and respond to the spread of COVID-19. Most deaths in large parts of Africa and South Asia still occur at home, without medical attention, and hence the diagnosis is…

Adult mortality risk in India in 2014

Age-specific and sex-specific adult mortality risk in India in 2014: analysis of 0¡27 million nationally surveyed deaths and demographic estimates from 597 districts   “As child mortality decreases rapidly worldwide, premature adult mortality is becoming an increasingly important contributor to global mortality. Any possible worldwide reduction of premature adult mortality before the age of 70 years will depend on progress in India. I…

Prabhat Jha named one of Globe & Mail’s 25 Transformational Canadians

Professor Prabhat Jha, founding director of CGHR, has just been honoured as of the Globe & Mail’s 25 Transformational Canadians. Other honourees this year include David Suzuki, Stephen Lewis, James Cameron, and Rick Hansen. Read more about it here: Globe and Mail’s 25 Transformational Canadians   Back to All CGHR News…

Trends in snakebite deaths in India from 2000 to 2019

Trends in snakebite deaths in India from 2000 to 2019 in a nationally representative mortality study Snakebites killed 1.2 million Indians over the last 20 years, 70% of which were in just eight states, and much of which were during the rainy season. This study can help achieve the WHO goal of halving snakebite deaths by 2030. Read the full paper here (eLife Web Site) or (PDF) eLife Press Releases (PDF)   Romulus Whitaker “Snakebite&#…

Renal failure deaths and their risk factors in India 2001–13

Nationally representative estimates from the Million Death Study   A new CGHR publication in The Lancet Global Health investigates changes in adult renal failure mortality and its key risk factors in India. “Renal failure is an important and growing cause of premature adult mortality in India, driven by the rising prevalence of poorly treated diabetes, especially in urban areas. Access to dialysis and transplantation is poor and not c…

Prabhat Jha – Journal Publications

in CGHR Toronto

CMAJ. 2004; 171(9). Health and economic benefits of an accelerated program of research to combat global infectious diseases. Jha P, Brown D, Slutsky AS et al for Global IDEA Scientific Advisory Committee. CMAJ. 2004; 172(12): 1538-39. Tobacco use in India: prevalence and predictors of smoking and chewing in a national cross sectional household survey. Rani M, Bonu S, Jha P, Nguyen SN, Jamjoum L. Tobacco Control. 2003; 12(4): e4. Risk factors for…

Causes of Death in India 2010-2013

Causes of Death Statistics for India 2010-2013   This joint report from the Ministry of Home Affairs Registrar General of India and the Centre for Global Health Research at St. Michael’s Hospital details statistics for the causes of death in India between 2010 and 2013. It is available freely in PDF above and at the following link. Census of India, Sample Registration System links and resources – Click on “Causes of Death…

CGHR Partners

in About

Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation Canadian Institutes of Health Research The Center for Disease Dynamics and Economic Policy (CDDEP) National Institutes of Health – Fogarty International St. Michael’s Hospital University of Toronto University of Washington – Disease Control Priorities Network (DCPN) The World Bank World Health Organization – South-East Asia Region  …

COVID

COVID-19 Forecasts   cghr.dev/covid More details coming soon…