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All Publications

in Publications

ity in the USA, Mexico, Brazil, and Colombia, 1990–2015: a comparative analysis of vital statistics data. Lancet Public Health. 2019 Jun 1;4:e281-90. Trends in cause-specific mortality among children aged 5–14 years from 2005 to 2016 in India, China, Brazil, and Mexico: an analysis of nationally representative mortality studies Fadel SA, Boschi-Pinto C, Yu S, Reynales-Shigematsu LM, Menon GR, Newcombe L, Strong KL, Wang Q, Jha P. Trends in cause-…

Postdocs for “Statistical Methods for Managing Emerging Infectious Diseases”

in Opportunities

  Applications are invited for the following postdoctoral fellowships at various universities across Canada:   Spatial-Temporal Modeling of COVID-19 Adverse Outcomes in Canada  Cindy Feng  Dalhousie   Imperfect testing and serosurveys Grace Yi, Paul Gustafson Western, UBC Estimating COVID-19 prevalence in homeless populations Laura Cowen Victoria   Small-area estimation and serosurveys Mahmoud Torabi Manitoba   To apply…

Death 101: Shaping the Future of Global Health

Death 101: Shaping the Future of Global Health The University of Toronto’s new free online course (MOOC) called Death 101: Shaping the Future of Global Health premieres on www.edx.org March 2nd 2015. Register now at edX! CGHR founding director Prof. Prabhat Jha teaches students the value of studying the dead to help the living. Large improvements in health can be made in the neediest populations by effectively addressing the major causes o…

Senior Medical Researcher for The Million Death Study

in Opportunities at CGHR

Location: Bangalore, Karnataka JOB DESCRIPTION JOB TITLE: Senior Medical Researcher for The Million Death Study The Centre for Global Health Research (CGHR) (www.cghr.org) was established in 2002 to conduct large-scale epidemiological studies in developing countries. CGHR is a non-profit, non-partisan academic research institution dedicated to better health. The mission of CGHR is to conduct high quality research that advances global health, w…

Effects of body mass index, tobacco smoking, alcohol drinking and solid fuel use on the risk of asthma

Individual Participant Data (IPD) meta-analysis of 175 000 individuals from 51 nationally representative surveys   A new CGHR publication in BMJ examines the link between the combined effect of BMI, tobacco, alcohol and solid fuel use on developing asthma. “The rising health and economic burden of non-communicable respiratory diseases such as asthma over the recent decades presents a significant challenge to public health. As per the…

Maternal and Child Health

in Publications

Changes in cause-specific neonatal and 1-59-month child mortality in India from 2000 to 2015Fadel, Shaza A et al. The Lancet, 2017 Sept 19, Volume 0, Issue 0, Facility Delivery, Postnatal Care and Neonatal Deaths in India: Nationally-Representative Case-Control Studies Shaza A. Fadel, Usha Ram, Shaun K. Morris, Rehana Begum, Anita Shet, Raju Jotkar, Prabhat JhaPLOS ONE 10(10): e0140448. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0140448 Neonatal, 1-59 month, an…

Coronavirus

CGHR is tracking the cases and mortality of coronavirus (2019-nCoV, COVID-19) outbreak.  (Update: CGHR will continue working on COVID-19 via the ARMS project.) The original data come from  www.worldometers.info but we share a more useful tabular (Google Sheets) version here: coronavirus data Other informative sites https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019/situation-reports/ https://gisanddata.maps.arcgis.com/apps/opsdashb…

PROJECT COORDINATOR

in Opportunities at CGHR

Countrywide Mortality Surveillance for Action Sierra Leone BO district, Sierra Leone   The Centre for Global Health Research (CGHR www.cghr.org) is a well-­‐regarded research organization associated with the University of Toronto and St. Michael’s Hospital. CGHR’s mission is to lead high-­‐ quality public health research that advances global health for all, with particular attention to the world’s poorest populations. Its flagship project,…

Research Manager / Post Doctoral Fellow: Global Mortality Studies (Toronto)

in Opportunities at CGHR

The Centre for Global Health Research (CGHR – http://www.cghr.org) is a non-profit and non-partisan organization associated with the University of Toronto and St Michael’s Hospital. CGHR’s mission is to lead high-quality public health research that advances global health for all, with particular attention to the world’s poorest populations. Its flagship project, the Million Death Study (MDS), is run in collaboration with the Government of…

PROGRAM MANAGER

in Opportunities at CGHR

The Centre for Global Health Research (CGHR www.cghr.org) is a well-regarded research organization associated with the University of Toronto and St Michael’s Hospital. CGHR’s mission is to lead high- quality public health research that advances global health for all, with particular attention to the world’s poorest populations. Its flagship project, the Million Death Study (MDS), is run in collaboration with the Government of India and document…

PROJECT COORDINATOR

in Opportunities at CGHR

The Centre for Global Health Research (CGHR www.cghr.org) is a well-regarded research organization associated with the University of Toronto and St Michael’s Hospital. CGHR’s mission is to lead high- quality public health research that advances global health for all, with particular attention to the world’s poorest populations. Its flagship project, the Million Death Study (MDS), is run in collaboration with the Government of India and document…

Geospatial analysis of distributions of Tobacco and Alcohol use in India

Geospatial Analysis on the Distributions of Tobacco Smoking and Alcohol Drinking in India CGHR’s novel publication on Indian district level tobacco and alcohol use by GIS Tech Hana Fu appears in the journal PLOSOne. From the abstract: “Tobacco smoking and binge alcohol drinking are two of the leading risk factors for premature mortality worldwide. In India, studies have examined the geographic distributions of tobacco smoking and alc…

CGHR Toronto

in Researchers

TORONTO DIRECTORY Venus JarabaPatrick BrownAnna DareHana FuPrabhat JhaLeslie NewcombePeter RodriguezWilson SuraweeraBapujee Biswabandan VENUS JARABA – Senior Administrative Assistant cghr@smh.ca +1 416-864-6042   PATRICK BROWN, PhD – Scientist Patrick.Brown@unityhealth.to Patrick Brown is a Biostatistician leading the geospatial research team at CGHR, as well as Associate Professor in the Department of Statistical Scie…

Prabhat Jha – Journal Publications

in CGHR Toronto

Gaffey MF, Venkatesh S, Dhingra N, Khera A, Kumar R, Arora P, Nagelkerke N, Jha P. Plos One. 2011; 6(7): e22704. Trends in selective abortions of girls in India: analysis of nationally representative birth histories from 1990 to 2005 and census data from 1991 to 2011. Jha P, Kesler MA, Kumar R, Ram F, Ram U,  Aleksandrowicz L, Bassani DG, Chandra S, Banthia JK.Lancet. 2011; 377: 1921-1928. doi: 1016/S0140-6736(11)60649-1. Diarrhea, pneumonia, and…

CGHR paper wins 2011 Albie Award!

The recent CGHR paper on selective abortions in India, published in The Lancet last May, has received a 2011 Albie Award from Foreign Policy magazine. The Albie is named after renowned political economist, Albert Hirschman, and the award was created to recognize “the best writing in global political economy”. While the writing platforms can vary (e.g., journal article, blog post, traditional book), the Albies honour exceptional writi…

Data Manager

in Opportunities at CGHR

Position Type: Full Time Date Ad Posted: 04/17/2018 Job Region: Downtown Toronto Application Deadline: Open until filled Years Experience: 2 to 5 years as a Data Manager Status: 1 Year Full-Time Contract (renewable) Salary: To Be Negotiated The Centre for Global Health Research (CGHR) conducts high-quality research that advances global health. Specific emphasis is on large-scale epidemiologic studies in India, Africa, and Latin America, and real…

BIOSTATISICIAN / DEMOGRAPHER (Full time, Toronto)

in Opportunities at CGHR

The Centre for Global Health Research (CGHR – http://www.cghr.org/) is a non-profit and non-partisan organization associated with the University of Toronto and St Michael’s Hospital. CGHR’s mission is to lead high-quality public health research that advances global health for all, with particular attention to the world’s poorest populations. Its flagship project, the Million Death Study (MDS), is run in collaboration with the Government of…

Training Coordinator

in Opportunities at CGHR

The successful Training Coordinator at the Centre for Global Health Research (CGHR – http://www.cghr.org/) will design and deliver informative, creative and cutting edge web-based, health related training modules for a global audience. JOB RESPONSIBILITIES Coordinate with CGHR staff, country partners and multi-level stakeholders to successfully design, deliver, evaluate and revise web-based training modules that fit the organization’s m…

Raising taxes key to accelerate tobacco control in South Asia

Prabhat Jha, Javaid Khan, Sujata Mishra, Prakash Gupta “South Asian countries must prioritise higher tobacco taxation and other control measures to raise the low levels of tobacco cessation and thus avoid millions of premature deaths, say Prabhat Jha and colleagues On current smoking patterns, tobacco will kill about 1 billion people worldwide this century, including substantial numbers in the South Asian countries. All South Asian countri…

Copyright Notice

© Copyright Centre for Global Health Research (CGHR), 2012. All Rights Reserved. The information provided in the CGHR web site is issued by the Centre for Global Health Research for general distribution. Extracts of the information in the web site may be reviewed, reproduced or translated for research or private study but not for sale or for use in conjunction with commercial purposes. Any use of information in the web site should be accompanied…

Global Tobacco

in Publications

JOURNAL PUBLICATIONS Divergence and convergence in cause-specific premature adult mortality in Mexico and US Mexican Hispanics from 1995 to 2015: analyses of 4.9 million individual deathsLuz Myriam Reynales-Shigematsu, Carlos Manuel Guerrero-López, Mauricio Hernández Ávila, Hyacinth Irving, Prabhat Jha; Divergence and convergence in cause-specific premature adult mortality in Mexico and US Mexican Hispanics from 1995 to 2015: analyses of 4.9 mil…

ARMS for Coronavirus

in Projects

Acute Respiratory Mortality Surveillance (ARMS) for Coronavirus Infection (COVID-19) (Image from Nature.com. Credit: NIAID-RML/de Wit/Fischer) Background: The World Health Organization has expressed concern about how countries with inadequate death reporting would be able to detect and respond to the spread of COVID-19. Most deaths in large parts of Africa and South Asia still occur at home, without medical attention, and hence the diagnosis is…

COMPUTER SCIENCE & PUBLIC HEALTH SUMMER STUDENT

in Opportunities at CGHR

The Centre for Global Health Research (CGHR – http://www.cghr.org/) is a non-profit and non-partisan organization associated with the University of Toronto and St. Michael’s Hospital. CGHR’s mission is to lead high-quality public health research that advances global health for all, with particular attention to the world’s poorest populations. We are looking for a candidate with a computer science/engineering academic background to support…

Senior Programmer/Technical Project Manager (Toronto)

in Opportunities at CGHR

Position Type: Full Time Date Ad Posted: 04/05/2018 Job Region: Downtown Toronto Application Deadline: Open until filled Years Experience: 3+ years in Software Development Status: 1 Year Full-Time Contract (renewable) Salary: To Be Negotiated The Centre for Global Health Research (CGHR – http://www.cghr.org/) is a non-profit and non-partisan organization associated with the University of Toronto and St Michael’s Hospital. CGHR’s mission is…

Million Death Study recruiting physician coders in India

We seek MCI-registered physicians (MBBS/Diploma/MD/MS/DNB) in any specialty (Medical/ Surgical) to join our unique “Million Death Study” (MDS), which provides mortality statistics for India. You will be one of 400+ skilled physicians who will be coding the causes of deaths across India. The MDS is run by the CGHR India Foundation (www.cghr.org), and affiliated with St. Michael’s Hospital (University of Toronto) and St. John’s National Acad…

Global health researchers receive QES grant

GLOBAL HEALTH RESEARCHERS RECEIVE $500K GRANT TO BUILD CAPACITY AND EXCHANGE GLOBAL TALENT Public health researchers at the University of Toronto received funding from the Canadian Queen Elizabeth II Diamond Jubilee Advanced Scholars Program to strengthen the capacity of tomorrow’s global health leaders. Professors Erica Di Ruggiero and Prabhat Jha received close to $500,000 to be granted over four years to enable global talent exchange and deve…

Global Tobacco

in Projects

Unless a significant portion of current smokers quit, tobacco use will cause approximately one billion deaths in this century – mostly in low and middle income countries. The use of effective tobacco control policies (including taxation, regulation, and education) is now common in high-income countries, but is not regularly implemented in low and middle-income countries, where 80% of the world’s 1.3 billion smokers live. The objective of CGHR’s…

Principles of Tobacco Control

Georgia State University’s new e-book “Principles of Tobacco Control: Extinguishing the Habit” includes commentary from CGHR’s director Prof. Prabhat Jha. This free e-book is available here. Principles of Tobacco Control: Extinguishing the Habit by Michael Eriksen “This book explores the history of tobacco as well as today’s issues—from the rise of novel tobacco products such as e-cigarettes to regulations surrounding tobacco’s use, marketing an…

Bangalore Fellowship

in Opportunities

Position Type: Full Time Date Ad Posted: 03/07/2018 Job Region: Bangalore Application Deadline: Until filled Status: 1 Year Full-Time Contract Salary: As per Institute Standards Contact Details: Chandamita +91 9686198747/chandamita@sjri.res.in The Centre for Global Health Research (CGHR – http://www.cghr.org/) is a non-profit and non-partisan organization associated with the University of Toronto and St Michael’s Hospital. CGHR’s mission is to…

We’re hiring a Research Assistant/Coordinator!

RESEARCH ASSISTANT/COORDINATOR (Full time, Toronto) The Centre for Global Health Research (CGHR – http://www.cghr.org) is a non-profit and non-partisan organization associated with the University of Toronto and Unity Health Toronto. CGHR’s mission is to lead high-quality public health research that advances global health, with particular attention to the world’s poorest populations. Its flagship project, the Million Death Study (MDS), is r…

MPH Summer Practicum Student

in Opportunities at CGHR

Position Type: Summer Full-time (May-August, depending on program requirements) Date Ad Posted: 02/05/2018 Job Region: Downtown Toronto Application Deadline: 02/20/2018 The Centre for Global Health Research (CGHR – http://www.cghr.org/) is a non-profit and non-partisan organization associated with the University of Toronto and St Michael’s Hospital. CGHR’s mission is to lead high-quality public health research that advances global health f…

RESEARCH ASSISTANT/COORDINATOR

in Opportunities at CGHR

(Full time, Toronto) The Centre for Global Health Research (CGHR – http://www.cghr.org) is a non-profit and non-partisan organization associated with the University of Toronto and Unity Health Toronto. CGHR’s mission is to lead high-quality public health research that advances global health, with particular attention to the world’s poorest populations. Its flagship project, the Million Death Study (MDS), is run in collaboration with the Go…

Postdoctoral Researcher in Geostatistics and Global Mortality

in Opportunities at CGHR

Full time, Toronto, Canada The Centre for Global Health Research (CGHR – www.cghr.org) is a non-profit and non-partisan organization associated with the University of Toronto and St. Michael’s Hospital. CGHR’s mission is to lead high-quality public health research that advances global health for all, with particular attention to the world’s poorest populations. Its flagship project, the Million Death Study (MDS), is run in collaboration wi…

Bangalore MDS Fellowship

in Opportunities

The Centre for Global Health Research (CGHR – http://www.cghr.org/) is a non-profit and non-partisan organization associated with the University of Toronto and St Michael’s Hospital. CGHR’s mission is to lead high-quality public health research that advances global health for all, with particular attention to the world’s poorest populations. DESCRIPTION: The aim of the CGHR-SJRI Fellowship is to strengthen scientific research capacity in public…

Research and General Support

in Opportunities at CGHR

FULL TIME, TORONTO The Centre for Global Health Research (CGHR – http://www.cghr.org/) is a non-profit and non-partisan organization associated with the University of Toronto and St Michael’s Hospital. CGHR’s mission is to lead high-quality public health research that advances global health for all, with particular attention to the world’s poorest populations. Its flagship project, the Million Death Study (MDS), is run in collaboration wit…

District Evaluation Study on Health (DESH)

in Projects

the attitudes of district policymakers and the implementation of health programs. The dissemination methods studied in DESH can easily be replicated on a large scale. The intervention package will be delivered in three waves to key district-level policymakers, and includes the following: Choosing Health: An Entitlement for All Indians (report) Fact sheet for the Choosing Health report District health report cards for respective districts Video…

Slate Magazine: Lessons from the Dead

Lessons from the Dead – Slate Magazine Slate Magazine covers CGHR’s Indian Million Death Study, its use of Verbal Autopsy to get death data, the impacts of the study on health policy in India, and the necessity of continuing to monitor mortality data to improve health for all Indians….

Shaun Morris – Publications

in CGHR Toronto

V, Brophy J, Lindsay LR, Banwell BL, Richardson SE. Journal of Clinical Microbiology. 2011; 49(1): 455-457. Capturing the Context of Maternal Deaths from Verbal Autopsies: A Reliability Study of the Maternal Data Extraction Tool (M-DET). Montgomery AL, Morris SK, Kumar R, Jotkar R, Money P, Bassani DG, Jha P. PLoS One. 2011 February 7. [Epub]. Causes of Neonatal and Child Mortality in India: A Nationally Representative Mortality Survey. Bassani…

Exposure to Second-Hand Smoke and the Risk of Tuberculosis in Children and Adults

Exposure to Second-Hand Smoke and the Risk of Tuberculosis in Children and Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of 18 Observational Studies “According to WHO Global Health Estimates, tuberculosis (TB) is among the top ten causes of global mortality and ranks second after cardiovascular disease in most high-burden regions. In this systematic review and meta-analysis, we investigated the role of second-hand smoke (SHS) exposure as a…

Analyses: Union Budget 2017 Tobacco Tax Increase

Read the full analysis here Experts find that the tobacco tax increase in India’s Union Budget 2017 is insufficient to improve public health WHAT DID THE UNION BUDGET PROPOSE ON TOBACCO TAXES? The Union Budget 2017 modest tax increase will raise cigarette prices by about only 16 paise per stick (a 6% tax increase resulting in a 3% higher sales price). This increase is too small to reduce consumption. The 16 paise average cigarette incre…

Smoking cessation and e-cigarettes in China and India

The Chinese and Indian governments have taken steps to restrict access to electronic cigarettes. The motivation has been to protect young people from e-cigarette use and possible lifelong addiction and, less altruistically, lobbying by domestic cigarette industries. Protecting young people is a laudable goal but it must be scrutinised using epidemiological evidence relevant to each country. See the full BMJ editorial here or download the PDF…

Geospatial methods for Closing the Global Mortality Data Divide

in Geospatial methods for Closing the Global Mortality Data Divide

View Larger Map Victoria college building Date: 9am Thursday 14 to 3pm Friday 15 June, 2018 Venue: 212 Victoria College Building, University of Toronto 73 Queen Park’s Crescent, Toronto, ON Google Maps Link Accommodation for speakers is at Margaret Addison Hall,…

Biostatistician/Data Manager (Full Time, Toronto)

in Opportunities at CGHR

The Centre for Global Health Research (CGHR) is a non-profit and non-partisan organization associated with the University of Toronto and St Michael’s Hospital. CGHR’s mission is to lead high-quality public health research that advances global health for all, with particular attention to the world’s poorest populations. Its flagship project, the Million Death Study (MDS), is run in collaboration with the Government of India and documents causes o…

Identifying HIV care continuum gaps using verbal autopsy

Identifying HIV care continuum gaps using verbal autopsy “UNAIDS estimates that there are currently over 36 million people infected with HIV globally, with disproportionate burdens in eastern and southern Africa where major treatment programmes have been introduced. Better understanding of the causes of HIV-related mortality is needed to fill major knowledge gaps and to enable improvement of the impact of HIV treatment programmes. Most deaths (i…

Paul Arora – Publications

in CGHR Toronto

with statis treatments: a network meta-analysis involving more than 65,000 patients. Mills EJ, Rachlis B, Wu P, Devereux PJ, Arora P, Perri D. Ann Intern Med. 2008; 52(22): 1769-81. Trends in HIV incidence in India from 2000 to 2007. Arora P, Kumar R, Bhattacharya M, Nagelkerke NJ, Jha P. The Lancet. 2008 Jul 26; 372(9635): 289-90. Statin Therapy in Stroke Prevention: A Meta-Analysis Involving 121,000 patients. O’Regan C, Wu P, Arora P, Perri D,…

Research Business Manager (Toronto)

in Opportunities at CGHR

ternal research funding, and directly overseeing research financial transactions Prepare and monitor budgets and reports for Research Scientist Support, Research Administration and other areas, as required Help to develop and implement a Research Strategic Plan for CGHR Create databases for grants, projects and publications to help monitor productivity and ensure the most effective use of available resources Effectiv…

Infectious Diseases

in Projects

Infectious diseases continue to be a prominent killer in developing countries, despite the ability to prevent and treat many of the most common problems, such as diarrheal diseases and tuberculosis. Other major infectious diseases, such as HIV/AIDS, are also a serious concern in low- and middle-income countries where poor health education and use of sex workers can help spread these diseases. CGHR is dedicated to conducting high quality research…

Administrative Assistant

in Opportunities at CGHR

Position Type: Full Time Date Ad Posted: 24 Oct 2017 Job Region: Toronto downtown area Application Deadline: 13 Nov 2017 Years Experience: 5 years as an Administrative Assistant Status: 1 Year Full Time Contract (renewable) Salary: To Be Negotiated The Centre for Global Health Research (CGHR) conducts high quality research that advances global health. Specific emphasis is on large scale epidemiologic studies in India and real life randomized stu…

Karnataka’s Roadmap to Improved Health

Cost effective solutions to address priority diseases, reduce poverty and increase economic growth The full report can be seen here: Karnataka’s Roadmap to Improved Health New data on the most common causes of death in Karnataka for men and women at various age groups are presented in a report titled Karnataka’s Roadmap to Improved Health. The report indicates that several hundred thousand people in Karnataka are dying prematurely from easily pr…

Geospatial methods for Closing the Global Mortality Data Divide

View Larger Map Victoria college building Date: 9am Thursday 14 to 3pm Friday 15 June, 2018 Venue: 212 Victoria College Building, University of Toronto 73 Queen Park’s Crescent, Toronto, ON Google Maps Link Accommodation can be booked at the Victoria College Summer Residences Organizing Committee Patrick Brown (University of Toronto and Centre for Global Health Research) Marilia Carvalho (Fundação Oswaldo Cruz) Samir Bhatt (Imperial C…

Million Death Study

in Publications

JOURNAL PUBLICATIONS Nationwide Mortality Studies To Quantify Causes Of Death: Relevant Lessons From India’s Million Death StudyMireille Gomes, Rehana Begum, Prabha Sati, Rajesh Dikshit, Prakash C. Gupta, Rajesh Kumar, Jay Sheth, Asad Habib, Prabhat Jha Health Affairs doi: 10.1377/hlthaff.2017.0635 HEALTH AFFAIRS 36, NO. 11 (2017) Comparison of physician-certified verbal autopsy with computer-coded verbal autopsy for cause of death assignment i…

HIV

Identifying HIV care continuum gaps using verbal autopsy “UNAIDS estimates that there are currently over 36 million people infected with HIV globally, with disproportionate burdens in eastern and southern Africa where major treatment programmes have been introduced. Better understanding of the causes of HIV-related mortality is needed to fill major knowledge gaps and to enable improvement of the impact of HIV treatment programmes. Most deaths (i…